Asbabsehat There are different reasons why you can weight loss without dieting. Some reasons can be serious. We explain when you should go to the doctor.
If you are not dieting to lose weight and, even so, you notice that you are losing weight persistently, do not hesitate: make an appointment. “ Unjustified weight loss should always be an important symptom to consult with health personnel and, furthermore, regardless of age, since there are multiple conditions that can appear, this being the first symptom,” warns Dr. Diego Fernández , head of the Endocrinology and Nutrition service at the Vithas Xanit International Hospital.
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It is not about going to the doctor if you lose a couple of kilos, since, without realizing it, you may have made a change in your dietary habits, or you are exercising more than usual.
To speak of an alarming weight loss, “pay attention to whether there is an unintentional weight loss greater than 5% in 3 months, considering a severe situation if this drop is greater than 5% in a month or 15% In 3 months. In these circumstances, it would be necessary to consider the existence of underlying diseases that justify this loss, such as liver diseases, respiratory problems, chronic kidney diseases , etc.”, explains Dr. Laura Guerrero, from the Endocrinology Service of the Sanitas La Moraleja University Hospital.
Other warning signs when weight loss
In addition to weight loss, there are other signs that can alert us that there is a health problem that must be diagnosed. For example, if in addition to losing weight the patient suffers from:
Watch for the following symptoms
don’t overlook them
- Lack of energy
- Difficulty performing regular physical exercise (walking, climbing stairs…)
- muscle mass loss
- Edema in the lower limbs or abdomen
- Presence of ulcers or skin lesions
- Bad condition of the teeth
Causes of weight loss
There are many causes that can cause weight loss. Some can be mild, for example, if you are going through a time of increased stress you can unintentionally lose weight. However, others can be serious and need medical attention.
Malabsorption or intolerance to some food : chronic irritation of the intestinal villi responsible for the absorption of food, can lead to poor absorption of nutrients and, in turn, suffer from chronic diarrhea and digestive symptoms such as loss of appetite, which can lead to weight loss. The abandonment of foods that are not digested correctly, after a correct diagnosis, solves the problem.
Celiac disease – People with untreated celiac disease often experience unintentional weight loss over time due to poor absorption of nutrients, caused by damage to the intestine. However, sometimes, when a gluten-free diet is started, always after a correct diagnosis, this weight loss is corrected.
Crohn’s disease : is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation of the digestive tract. It can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue and, of course, involuntary weight loss.
Peptic ulcer : These are open sores that appear inside the stomach and in the upper part of the small intestine. They are accompanied by a lot of pain in the stomach .
Ulcerative colitis – is a persistent inflammation of the large intestine (colon and rectum).
What if it’s the thyroid?
The thyroid gland has effects on virtually every aspect of our health, including weight, heart rate, and the energy we feel we have. “When the secretion of thyroid hormones are out of normal values, a wide range of symptoms appear. In hyperthyroidism, the overactivity of the thyroid gland usually causes weight loss despite a normal diet as a result of an acceleration in our metabolism. If the person does not increase the consumption of calories to match the excess calories used, then weight loss occurs,” explains Dr. Diego Fernández.
It could be a rheumatic disease
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes the body’s immune system to mistakenly attack healthy cells in the joints and other organs.
It is common to experience weight changes with rheumatoid arthritis. “That’s because the body is sick and can make you lose your appetite and inactivity can make you lose muscle mass. On the contrary, a change in lifestyle to a sedentary one can cause weight gain,” clarifies the specialist at Vithas Hospital Xanit International.
Cancer, AIDS or other diseases
There are other diseases that can lead to involuntary weight loss, especially if it is persistent. Some of them are:
- an oncological disease
- VIH / sida
- Lung diseases
In conclusion, when faced with unjustified weight loss, it is important to go to the doctor to determine what tests are necessary to make a diagnosis and refer us to the most appropriate specialist to treat each case.
How Exercise Can Help You Fight Obesity
That today’s society has a major problem with being overweight is a fact. According to recent data from the Ministry of Health, 36% of Spaniards are overweight and 17% are obese. In addition, 73% of Spaniards gained weight during the pandemic . And there is no doubt that sedentary lifestyle has a lot to do with these figures. Obesity has serious consequences for health, so physical exercise becomes an essential pillar for the well-being of people, regardless of their age, sex, weight or physical condition.
Its advantages are more than proven, and not only does it provide multiple benefits to combat overweight, but it also helps improve our level of self-esteem and sleep regulation, two essentials in our day to day life. And it is that if we are overweight, when we incorporate exercise into our routine, we will see that it brings us good news in relation to “insulin sensitivity, chronic low-grade inflammation, blood pressure, muscle mass, improvement of memory, reduction of depression and anxiety and improvement of quality of life”, as pointed out by Gressly Arevalo, Study Manager of F45 Training.
Strength + cardio, the infallible duo for weight loss
“To solve our overweight, we need to do combined training (strength and cardio), along with good eating guidelines, guided by a nutritionist or health professional,” says Josep Cantos, Sports manager of Cool Training Hub .
Thus, one of the traditional beliefs is dismantled, which pointed. To long cardio routines as the best exercises to end being overweight. “Currently, it has been shown that strength training should be the base. Combined with cardio sessions that can be more or less intense. We, from personal training, use a combination of different exercises that range from Strength exercises. Cardio exercises, Pilates, Mobility”, says Neftalí Haro Frías, Director of Happy Fit By NEF.
Roberto Hernández, CEO of Batard Crossboxing Studio, agrees, for whom the most direct way to be able to spend more calories would be to work on HIIT or high-intensity intervals. “And never forget that Strength exercises, in any type of routine, are a great ally to increase caloric expenditure and subsequent NEAT”, he details.
Choose an exercise that motivates us For Weight Loss
It is clear, therefore, that we have to move, that there are no excuses for not exercising if we want to keep the scale under control. And then comes one of the key questions: which one to choose? General rules cannot be given without assesment each case, since each person is unique and has their needs.
“You have to find a balance, 2-4 days of training, always gradual and with attainable short-term goals. To stay motivated and other more difficult goals, to keep us active,” says Josep Cantos, Sports manager of Cool Training Hub. Thus, to maintain a healthy life there is not a single routine, each movement counts,
The important thing is to choose a routine that you like and thus we guarantee that you can maintain. It and incorporate it into your day to day, in general you can combine strength exercises. Of 30-50 minutes a day”, says Julia Tiedemann, Founder of the High Vibe Workout Crew Bcn.
war on sedentary lifestyle
Closely linked to being overweight is a sedentary lifestyle. And much of the blame lies with the new habits in which screens are excessively present in our lives, especially among the youngest. Many teenagers and young people have changed going out with their friends to play online with them. “36% of Spaniards are overweight and 17% are categorized as obese. Additionally, the population suffered a significant increase in sedentary lifestyle due to the pandemic”, explains Gressly Arevalo, who, based on these data, does not hesitate to recommend walking more , selecting the macronutrients that give us energy, doing some type of exercise that you like. and create good long-term habits.
“Finding an escape route in sport is something very positive, since it makes these users improve their mental and physical health. If we let them choose their path, they will flow more, they will put passion. Into what they do and they will not take it as an obligation”, affirms Josep Cantos.
Perfect tandem with diet… and with mental health
And we must not forget the other important leg: the diet. To maintain a good rhythm of life, it is necessary that it be accompanied by a healthy relationship with exercise and food, following a balanced diet and performing 3-4 hours of moderate exercise a week .
But there is still another important vertex that must be kept in mind: mental health. “In a healthy lifestyle, the physical factor must be taken into account. But obviously the mental factor must not be forgotten. It is just as important to have a healthy body as a healthy mind. Explains Roberto Hernández, CEO of Batard Crossboxing Studio.
A lot of advantages
If we haven’t convinced you yet, the best option is to summarize what are the most outstanding post-training benefits. They influence mood , generating a pleasant feeling after exercise, due to dopamine and serotonin, improving self-esteem, confidence and reduction. Ff cortisol that directly affects stress. According to Gressly Arevalo, these psychological benefits are reflected in the mood, since exercise favors the release of endorphins. In well-being, reducing depression and anxiety; self-efficiency, because your brain increases learning capacity. Self-esteem, helping to feel better about oneself and improving social relationships, increasing confidence and sharing interests.